Meet the Keynotes for Peace Through Law:
The Development of An Ideal

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Xabier Agirre, Senior Analyst, Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court
A 1995 graduate of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame,  Xabier Agirre Aranburu is Senior Analyst at the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC (International Criminal Court).  Prior to joining the ICC in 2004, he worked for the UN ICTY (International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia), the UN OHCHR (UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights), his government and different NGOs. He has also participated in educational programs with the ICTY, the ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross), the ICTJ (International Center for Transitional Justice) and numerous universities and NGOs. During his student years Xabier was a conscientious objector and activist in the movement against conscription in Spain with the WRI (War Resisters’ International). He is the author of a number of publications, including his monograph Yugoslavia y los Ejércitos: La Legitimidad Militar en Tiempos de Genocidio (Yugoslavia and the Armies: Military Legitimacy in Times of Genocide, Madrid, 1997) and several academic articles about sexual violence, war propaganda, and prosecutorial discretion in international justice. He likes cycling and recycling.  

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Brooks Daly, Deputy Secretary General, Principal Legal Counsel, Permanent Court of Arbitration
As Deputy Secretary-General at the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), Mr. Daly has primary responsibility for the legal affairs of an intergovernmental organization with 111 member states devoted to the peaceful settlement of international disputes through arbitration.  His responsibilities include advising lawyers and arbitrators participating in international arbitration under PCA auspices on a variety of matters relating to arbitral procedure and international dispute resolution generally. He also assists the PCA Secretary-General when he is called upon to designate or act directly as appointing authority under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules. He speaks frequently on international arbitration topics and lectures at Leiden University School of Law.  Prior to joining the PCA, Mr. Daly acted as Counsel at the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) International Court of Arbitration in Paris, France. He is a member of the California Bar and practiced with the firms of Latham & Watkins (Los Angeles) and Hale & Dorr (London) before joining the ICC.

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Pieter de Baan, Executive Director, Trust Fund for Victims
Pieter de Baan is the Executive Director of the Secretariat for the Trust Fund for Victims at the International Criminal Court (ICC).  He holds a degree in Modern History from the University of Leiden, where he also received post-graduate training in International Law. Pieter carried out historical and legal research on the position and experiences of victims of war and conflict in Europe and Asia. On behalf of the International Secretariat of Amnesty International, he established in 1995 a trial observation routine regarding the ICTY, monitoring proceedings with respect to fair trial, development of law and institutional development. Since 1998, Pieter has worked in research, advisory and management positions in the domain of international development, both in the private and not-for-profit sectors. He has served on long-term postings in Indonesia, Egypt, Central Africa, Vietnam and the Western Balkans. Prior to joining the Trust Fund for Victims in September 2010, Pieter was a member of the Extended Board of SNV Netherlands development organization, where he served in a variety of management positions and also advised on the organisation’s corporate strategy development (2003-2010). Pieter’s ambition for the Trust Fund for Victims is to further strengthen its capacity, operating alongside the ICC,  to offer hope, dignity and redress to victims and affected communities, addressing the harm they suffered from crimes under international law.

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Mary Jo Deegan, Professor of Sociology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Dr. Deegan is the award-winning author of over 200 articles and the author or editor of 22 books including Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago School, 1892-1918; Self, War, and Society: The Macrosociology of George Herbert Mead; and Race, Hull-House, and the University of Chicago. She edited and introduced Women at the Hague by Jane Addams, Emily Green Balch, and Alice Hamilton and Art, Labor and Religion by Ellen Gates Starr. She is an international lecturer on nonviolence, education, and democracy.

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Donald Ferencz, Convenor, Global Institute for The Prevention of Aggression
Donald Ferencz is a lawyer, an educator, and a proponent of the rule of law. He was born in Nuremberg, Germany, where his father, Benjamin Ferencz, had served as the Chief Prosecutor of the Einsatzgruppen case, a trial held subsequent to the completion of the International Military Tribunal, where 22 high-ranking SS officers were convicted of the murder of over a million innocent and defenseless men, women, and children.

As an undergraduate, Don earned a B.A. in Peace Studies at Colgate University in New York, and undertook coursework at the Canadian Peace Research Institute in Ontario, Canada.  He went on to pursue graduate degrees in education, law, business, and taxation, which combination led to an eclectic career, encompassing a period as a school teacher, a term as an adjunct professor of law at Pace University Law School in New York, and two decades working as a consultant and a senior tax executive for several publicly-traded multinational corporations.  In 1996, Don and his father established The Planethood Foundation, a small private foundation, to help educate toward replacing the law of force with the force of law.  Beginning in 2005, Don served as a non-governmental observer and advisor to the Assembly of States Parties’ working group on the crime of aggression, attending all meetings of that group, up to and including the ICC Review Conference in Kampala, Uganda, where provisions regarding the crime of aggression were adopted by consensus.    Don has published and lectured widely regarding the crime of aggression, and is the Convenor of the Global Institute for the Prevention of Aggression, a cooperative effort among international justice advocates toward ratification of the Kampala amendments and implementation of national legislation outlawing the illegal use of force in international affairs. The Institute is associated with Middlesex University School of Law in London, where Don has was appointed Visiting Professor in 2012. He resides in the United Kingdom and may be reached at

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Leymah Gbowee, President, Gbowee Peace Foundation Africa
2011 Nobel Peace Laureate Leymah Gbowee is a Liberian peace activist, trained social worker and women’s rights advocate. She is Founder and President of the Gbowee Peace Foundation Africa, head of the Liberia Reconciliation Initiative and Co-Founder and Executive Director of Women Peace and Security Network Africa (WIPSEN-A). She is also a founding member and former Liberia Coordinator of Women in Peacebuilding Network/West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WIPNET/WANEP). Gbowee’s leadership of the Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace – which brought together Christian and Muslim women in a nonviolent movement that played a pivotal role in ending Liberia’s civil war in 2003 – is chronicled in her memoir, Mighty Be Our Powers, and in the documentary, Pray the Devil Back to Hell. In addition, Gbowee is the Newsweek Daily Beast’s Africa columnist. She serves on the Board of Directors of the Gbowee Peace Foundation USA, Nobel Women’s Initiative and the PeaceJam Foundation, and she is a member of the African Women Leaders Network for Reproductive Health and Family Planning. She holds a M.A. in Conflict Transformation from Eastern Mennonite University (Harrisonburg, VA). She is based in Monrovia, Liberia and is the mother of six.

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Isabelle Geuskens, Executive Director, Women Peacemakers Program
Between 2002 and 2012, Isabelle Geuskens worked as Program Manager of the Women Peacemakers Program (WPP) of the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR). Since 2012, WPP is an independent organization based in The Hague, of which Isabelle is the Executive Director.
The Women Peacemakers Program (WPP) started in 1997 to support and empower women peace activists around the world; advocate for the recognition of women’s experiences and peacebuilding contributions during war and conflict; and to support the integration of a gender perspective in peacebuilding processes. Under Isabelle's leadership, the WPP started incorporating a masculinities approach in its work for gender-sensitive peacebuilding.
Among others, she is involved in the monitoring of the implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325 nationally and globally, as a member of the 1325 Working Group of Dutch gender platform WO=MEN and the US-based Global Network of Women Peacebuilders (GNWP). Prior to her work for the WPP, Isabelle worked with grassroots peace activists in Northern Ireland (Belfast) and Bosnia Herzegovina (Srebrenica). She has an MA degree in Arts and Sciences from the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands.

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Merle Gosewinkel, Senior Program Officer, Women Peacemakers Program
Originally from Hamburg, Germany, Merle Gosewinkel has studiedEuropean Anthropology and Gender Studies at the Humboldt University in Berlin and Sociology at the University of Amsterdam. In 2009 she joined the team of the Women Peacemakers Program, where she now holds the position of Senior Program Officer. One of her main tasks includes the coordination of the Training of Trainers Programs which the organization carries out in Asia and the Middle East region.

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Jennifer Schense, Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court

Jennifer Schense currently serves as an International Cooperation Adviser in the Jurisdiction, Complementarity and Cooperation Division of the Office of the Prosecutor, at the International Criminal Court, focusing in particular on the Darfur and Libya situations. She has served in the OTP since October 2004. Prior to her work at the ICC, Jennifer Schense served as the Legal Adviser for the NGO Coalition for the International Criminal Court (CICC) from September 1998 until September 2004. Prior to the CICC, she served for one year as a fellow at Human Rights Watch.
Jennifer Schense received her juris doctorate, specializing in human rights, international law and conflict resolution, from Columbia Law School in 1997, and her bachelors of science in Russian language and Russian area studies from Georgetown University in 1993. Jennifer Schense is in final stages of completing a PhD at the University of Leiden in international criminal law. Jennifer Schense is originally from the United States of America.

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Jennifer Trahan, Associate Clinical Professor, Global Affairs, New York University
Professor Trahan has served as counsel and of counsel to the International Justice Program of Human Rights Watch;  as Iraq Prosecutions Consultant to the International Center of Transitional Justice; and worked on cases before the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.  She is the author of “Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity:  A Digest of the Case Law of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda” (HRW 2010), and “Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity:  A Topical Digest of the Case Law of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.” (HRW 2006).  She is also the author of numerous law reviews, including “Why the Killing in Darfur is Genocide,” “The Rome Statute’s Amendment on the Crime of Aggression:  Negotiations at the Kampala Review Conference,” as well as several articles about the work of the Iraqi High Tribunal.  She has also served as an observer for the Association of the Bar of the City of New York to the International Criminal Court’s Special Working Group on the Crime of Aggression, as Chairperson of the American Branch of the International Law Association’s International Criminal Court Committee, as a member of the American Bar Association 2010 ICC Task Force, and as a member of the New York City Bar Association’s Task Force on National Security and the Rule of Law.  She was an NGO observer at the ICC Review Conference in Kampala, Uganda